Psychotherapy High Wycombe

Psychotherapy High Wycombe - Last updated 20 June 2024

DSM Online - Diagnostic & Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders

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DSM-IV: Alcohol Withdrawal

The brain adapts to use of alcohol in such a way that symptoms may result when the substance is reduced or discontinued, leading to diagnosis of this Substance-Related Disorder. This varies in dangerousness from no detectable symptoms to sometimes life threatening alcohol Withdrawal Delirium.

Diagnostic criteria for 291.8 Alcohol Withdrawal

(new code from 10/01/96: 291.81)

A. Cessation of (or reduction in) alcohol use that has been heavy and prolonged.

B. Two (or more) of the following, developing within several hours to a few days after Criterion A:
(1) autonomic hyperactivity (e.g. sweating or pulse rate greater than 100)
(2) increased hand tremor
(3) insomnia
(4) nausea or vomiting
(5) transient visual, tactile, or auditory hallucinations or illusions
(6) psychomotor agitation
(7) anxiety
(8) grand mal seizures

C. The symptoms in Criterion B cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.

D. The symptoms are not due to a general medical condition and are not better accounted for by another mental disorder. Specify if: With Perceptual Disturbances

Based on the Diagnostic & Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition APA

Research sources

ReferenceO'Farrell, T.J., Cutter, H.G, & Floyd, F.J.(1985). Evaluating behavioral marital therapy for male alcoholics. Behavior Therapy, 16, 147-167.

ReferenceO'Farrell, T.J., Cutter, H.S.G., Choquette, K.A., Floyd, F.J. & Bayog, R.D.(1992). Behavior marital therapy for male alcoholics: Marital and drinking

The online Diagnostic & Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders lists most of the major psychological disorders and illnesses and lists the criteria that must be fulfilled in order for a diagnosis to be made. This resource is not a substitute for proper professional psychiatric diagnosis.

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Last Updated 20 June 2024 ()